International Arbitrator, Director of the Fordham Annual Conference on International Arbitration and Mediation, Editor of Contemporary Issues in International Arbitration and Mediation: The Fordham Papers, Adjunct Professor Law, Fordham Law School.
Fordham Law School
Mr. Rovine has been serving as an arbitrator in international cases under NAFTA, ICSID (International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes), and ICDR (International Center for Dispute Resolution of the American Arbitration Association), since his retirement from the law firm of Baker & McKenzie as of July 1, 2005. He is also the Director of the International Arbitration Conference at Fordham Law School and an Adjunct Professor of Law at Fordham Law School.
After joining Baker & McKenzie in 1983, Mr. Rovine represented many major clients in international arbitrations, including a large number of investor/state cases at the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal in the Hague and the UN Compensation Commission in Geneva. He has also had cases before the International Chamber of Commerce in Paris, the American Arbitration Association in New York, the Stockholm Institute, ad hoc arbitrations, the International Court of Justice, and international litigations in U.S. Federal Courts.
Mr. Rovine handled many claims for and against governments, including investment disputes with Iran and Iraq, and representation of the Government of Egypt in a major case against Iraq at the UN Compensation Commission. He also represented the Governments of Ethiopia and Liberia in the South-West Africa Cases at the International Court of Justice, and the International League for the Rights of Man in the Namibia Advisory Opinion case as amicus curiae, also at the International Court of Justice.
Mr. Rovine's arbitration and litigation private sector clients included Rockwell International, General Dynamics, Fluor Corporation, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu International, Touche Ross International, Combustion Engineering, John Brown Engineering, Nuclear Electric Insurance, Singer, and many others. During this period Mr. Rovine was the President of the American Society of International Law (2000-2002) and the Chairman of the International Law Section of the American Bar Association(1985-1986). Mr. Rovine was also a member of the Board of Editors of the American Journal of International Law (1977-1987), and has been a member of the Council on Foreign Relations since 1987.
Prior to joining Baker & McKenzie in 1983, Mr. Rovine served in the Office of the Legal Adviser in the U.S. Department of State from 1972 to 1983. He established the Digest of United States Practice in International Law (1972-1974), and was then named Assistant Legal Adviser for Treaty Affairs (1975-1981). In that capacity he was responsible for the international law, constitutional law, and U.S. foreign relations law issues involved in many treaties, agreements, and legislation, including the Algiers Accords with Iran, the termination of the Mutual Defense Treaty with Taiwan, the Taiwan Relations Act, the Panama Canal Treaties, the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty, several human rights treaties, succession of states with respect to treaties, and the President's treaty powers.
Mr. Rovine was then appointed the first United States Agent to the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal in the Hague from 1981 to 1983. In that capacity, and working with the Iranian Agent, European arbitrators and the Dutch Government, he helped establish the Tribunal, adapt the UNCITRAL Rules for the Tribunal, and helped develop all Tribunal administrative procedures, privileges and immunities, payment mechanisms, etc. Mr. Rovine then argued cases at the Tribunal on behalf of the U.S. Government.
Iran United States Claims Tribunal (The Hague)
Case A/1 (interest on Security Account; payment of settlements; bank fees; holding bank harmless) (1982)
Case A/2 (Tribunal jurisdiction over direct claims against U.S. companies) (1981-1982)
Choice of forum clause cases (Tribunal jurisdiction) (1982)
E Systems (Litigation in Iran Tribunal jurisdiction and powers) (1983)
Weatherford v. Iran (1984-1987)
Borg Warner v. Iran (1984-1985)
Combustion Engineering v. Iran (1985-1990)
Fluor Corp. v. Iran (1986-1989)
Rockwell International v. Iran (1986-1987)
Watkins Johnson v. Iran (1986-1988)
Case A/23 (validity under Algiers Accords of Fluor attachment of NIOC assets in Germany) (1987-1989)
Highlands Insurance Corp. v. Bimeh Melli (1989-1990)
Petrolane v. Iran (1990)
Collins v. Iran (1990)
Gulf Associates v. Iran (1984-1999)
Sabet v. Iran (1991-2000)
United Nations Compensation Commission (Geneva)
Egypt v Iraq (1993-1997)
John Brown E&C v. Iraq (1994-2000)
Bank of New York v. Iraq (1996-2000)
NCR v. Iraq (1997- 2001)
Tetra-Pak v. Iraq (1997-2001)
Borg International v. Iraq (1997- 2001)
Biwater v. Iraq (1997-2001)
Cegelec v. Iraq (1997-2001)
Shanning Int’l v. Iraq (1998-2002)
Broddway v. Iraq (1998-2002)
International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) (Paris)
Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. v. Iran (1988-1989)
PhonIran v. General Dynamics (1988- 1989)
International Brokerage & Finance v. Seamar (1990-1992)
Kalantari et al. v. Fritz Werner Industrie (1990-1994)
Recordati & Pharmetrix v. Elan (1992-1994)
Haidar v. John Brown (1993-1995)
Morning Star International v. Gabon (1995-1997)
Esco Corporation v. Svedala Faço Ltda (1996-1998)
Eurotrain v. Taiwan High Speed Rail Corporation (2001 - 2004)
Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce
Compagnie NOGA d’Importation et d’Exportation S.A. v. The Russian Federation (1993-1994)
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu International v. L. Joannides & Co. (1997-1998)
Ad Hoc Arbitrations
Niagara Mohawk v. Nuclear Electric Insurance Limited (1986 1987)
Northeast Utilities v. Nuclear Electric Insurance Limited (1988)
Touche Ross International v. Treuverkehr AG (1990 1991)
Alba Petroleum Corp. v. the United Nations (1996-1997). Party–appointed arbitrator, by the United Nations, in a case involving the sale of oil for the UN peace-keeping operation in Somalia (Gerald Aksen, Chairman).
American Arbitration Association
Rosseel Corp. v. Oriental Commercial Shipping (1989 1990)
AOT Ltd. v. J. Aron & Co. (1991)
Fabricated Plastics, Inc. v. Plastiflex Company, Inc. (1997-1998)
U.S. corporations v. United Mexican States (2005). Party-appointed arbitrator, by the U.S. corporations, on the first consolidation panel established under NAFTA, Article 1126 (Bernardo Cremades Chairman).
U.S. corporation v. United Mexican States (2006-2008 ). Party-appointed arbitrator, by the U.S. corporation (Bernardo Cremades Chairman).
UK corporation v. Romania (2006- ). Party-appointed arbitrator by the UK corporation, Piero Bernardini, Chairman.
International Court of Justice (The Hague)
South West Africa Cases (1963-1965)
Namibia Case (1970 1971)
US Federal Courts
Goldwater v. Carter (1979 - briefs for D.C. Dist. Ct., Ct. of Appeals, Supreme Court)-
Dames & Moore v. Regan (1980-1981 briefs for Supreme Court)
Tampa Chamber of Commerce v. Adams (D.C. Dist. Ct. 1978)
E. Boselli v. Boselli Industrie Tessili (S.D.N.Y. 1984)
Exchange National Bank of Chicago v. Empresa Minera de la Centro del Peru, S.A. (S.D.N.Y. 1984)
Gerling Global Reinsurance v. Commissioner of Insurance of Montana (S.D.N.Y. 1985)
Rosseel Corp. v. Oriental Commercial Shipping (S.D.N.Y. l985 1988)
NL Chem Canada v. John Brown Engineers & Constructors, Inc. (S.D.N.Y. 1987-1989)
Lucky Goldstar v. Phibro Asia & Phibro Energy, Inc. (S.D.N.Y. 1988)
American Graphic Equipment Corp. v. Redaelli Tecna Offset, S.P.A. (E.D.N.Y. 1989-1990) International Brokerage & Finance v. California Steel, et al. (C.D.C. 1990-1992)
Bseirani v. Abou-Khadra, et. al (2nd Circuit Ct. of Appeals 1991-1993)
Deloitte Noraudit Oslo A/S v. Deloitte Haskins & Sells, US, Deloitte & Touche, et al. (S.D.N.Y. 1991 1994)
Gabay v. Mostazafan Foundation, et al. (S.D.N.Y. 1992-1997)
Singer v. Ryobi (D.C.S.C. 1996-1997)
Mitsui v. the Republic of Iraq (S.D.N.Y. 1996)
District of Columbia
American Society of International Law
President 2000 - 2002 Executive Council 1997-present Board of Editors American Journal of International Law 1977-1987.
American Bar Association
Chairman International Law Section 1985-1986; Section's Delegate to the ABA House of Delegates 1986-1987.
Council on Foreign Relations
Association of the Bar of the City of New York (International Arbitration Committee)
Center for Public Resources (Panel on the Settlement of Transnational Business Disputes)
U.S. Council for International Business (Arbitration Committee).
ICC list of arbitrators
American Arbitration Association/ICDR list of arbitrators
B.A. University of Pennsylvania 1958
LL.B Harvard Law School 1961
Ph.D Columbia University 1966
2006 “The United Nations Compensation Commission,” International Law News, American Bar Association, Section of International Law, Spring 2006, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 10-12.
2005 “Introduction to Session on Issues in Integrated Dispute Resolution Systems,” New Horizons in International Commercial Arbiration and Beyond, ICCA International Arbitration Congress, A.J. van den Berg, Ed. (Kluwer Law International, 2005), pp. 439-45.
2004 "The Dispute Arises – What Next?” chapter in International Arbitration Checklists (Huntington, New York, Juris Publishing, Inc., 2004), pp. 1–8.
2002 “International Law in United States Courts,” Proceedings of the American Branch of the International Law Association, 2001-2002, pp. 26-42.
1997 Gulf War Reporter, ed. (with Grant Hanessian), an on-going two-volume publication devoted to the UNCC claims process and cases resulting from Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1991 (Washington, D.C., International Law Institute, 1997)
1997 “The Scope of Discovery in International Arbitral Proceedings,” 5 Tulane J. of Int’l & Comp. Law 401-06.
1996 “Enforcing Contract Claims Against Iraq in U.S. Courts: The Statute of Limitations” (with Grant Hanessian), Middle East Executive Reports, Vol. 19, No. 5, May 1996, pp. 9-12.
1996 “Iraqi Oil Flows Again: Doing Business with Iraq under Resolution 986, Prospects for Payment of Claims against Iraq” (with Grant Hanessian), Middle East Executive Reports, Vol. 19, No. 12, December 1996, pp. 1-4.
1995 “Toward a Foreseeability Approach to Causation Questions at the United Nations Compensation Commission” (with Grant Hanessian), A Chapter in The United Nations Compensation Commission, Thirteenth Sokol Colloquium, R. Lillich, ed. (Irvington, New York: Transnational Publishers, Inc. 1995), pp. 235-55.
1995 “Making Iraq Pay for Gulf War Losses” (with Grant Hanessian), the New York Law Journal, May 15, 1995, pp. S3-5.
1995 “Enforcement in the United States of Foreign Judgments and Foreign Arbitration Awards,” Chapter 9 of the Proceedings of the Forty-First Annual Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Institute (Denver, Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, 1995), pp. 9-1–9-32.
1994 ‘Fast-Track’ Arbitration: A Step Away From Judicialization Of International Arbitration,” A Chapter in International Arbitration in The 21st Century: Towards “Judicialization” and Uniformity?, Twelfth Sokol Colloquium, R. Lillich and C. Brower, eds. (Irvington, New York: Transnational Publishers, Inc. 1994), pp. 45-57.
1993 “Arbitration of International Disputes” (with Lawrence W. Newman), Chapter 19 of The Alternative Dispute Resolution Practice Guide, B. Roth, R. Wulff and C. Cooper, Eds. (Lawyers Cooperative Publishing, 1993), pp. 1-29.
1993 “The Role of the United States Agent to the Iran-U.S. Claims Tribunal, 1981-1983,” chapter in Essays in Honor of Hans Smit, The American Review of International Arbitration, Vol 3, Nos. 1-4 (1992), pp. 223-31.
1992 “Fast Track Arbitration An ICC Breakthrough,” International Arbitration Report, April,
1992, pp. 3-5; reprinted in Arbitration, The Journal of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, Vol. 61, No. 4 (1995), pp. 286-88.
1990 “An Iraq Claims Process: Where and How?” The American Review of International Arbitration, Vol. 1, No. 3 (1990), pp. 411-18.
1990 “An Iraq Claims Process: Where and How?” Part II, The American Review of International Arbitration, Vol. 2, No. 1 (1991), pp. 102-09.
1986 “U.S. Public Policy on Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards,” International Arbitration Report, January, 1986, pp. 41-43.
1984 “Recent Valuation Decisions of the Iran U.S. Claims Tribunal,” Mealey’s Litigation Reports – Iranian Claims, February 3, 1984, pp. 18-23. Other Publications
1980 “Congressional-Executive Relations and United States Foreign Policy,”Willamette Law Review (1980), pp. 41-55).
1977 “Separation of Powers and International Executive Agreements,” Indiana Law Journal, Vol. 52, No. 2. (1977), pp. 397-31.
1977 Book review of Cordier and Foote, eds., Public Papers of the Secretaries General of the United Nations. Vol. 4: 1958-1960, Dag Hammarskjold. The American Political Science Review, Vol. LXXI, No. 4, December 1977, pp. 1744-45.
1976 “The National Interest and the World Court,” a chapter in Gross, ed. The Future of the International Court of Justice (American Society of International Law; Oceana, 1976), pp. 313-35.
1976 The Case Law of the International Court. Vol. VIII (Leiden: Sijthoff, 1976) with Edvard Hambro
1975 Digest of United States Practice in International Law 1974 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974)
1974 The Case Law of the International Court, Vol. VII (Leiden: Sijthoff, 1974) with Edvard Hambro
1974 “The Secretary General in World Politics: A Historical Review,” The Journal of International Law and Economics, Vol. 9, No. 1, April 1974, pp. 113-48.
1974 Digest of United States Practice in International Law, 1973 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974)
1974 “The Contemporary International Legal Attack on Terrorism,” 1973 Israel Yearbook on Human Rights, May 1974, pp. 1- 39.
1974 Commentary on paper by Thomas M. Franck and Edward Weisband, “Regional Interventionism by the Superpowers: A Study of Words and Acts as Inchoate Law Making,” in International Law in the Western Hemisphere. (the Hague, Nijhoff, 1974), pp. 126-29.
1974 Review essay on Paxman and Boggs, eds., The United Nations: A Reassessment Sanctions, Peacekeeping, and Humanitarian Assistance. Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 15, No. 1, Fall 1974, pp. 242-47.
1974 Book Notes in the American Journal of International Law, Vol. 68, No. 4, October 1974, pp. 781-83.
1973 “U.S. International Law Digests — Some History and a New Approach,” Note for the American Journal of International Law. Vol. 67, No. 2, April, 1973, pp. 314-19.
1972 The Case Law of the International Court, Vol. VI (Leiden: Sijthoff, 1972) with Edvard Hambro
1972 “The World Court Opinion on Namibia,” Columbia University Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 11, No. 2, Spring 1972, pp. 203-39.
1972 Book review of Frank Dawson and Ivan Head, International Law, National Tribunals and the Rights of Aliens. Cornell Law Review, Vol. 57, No. 6, July 1972, pp. 998-1001.
1972 “A More Powerful Secretary General for the United Nations?” Remarks to the Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, American Journal of International Law, Vol. 66, No. 4 (September 1972), pp. 78-81.
1971 The brief for the International League for the Rights of Man in the Namibia Case before the I.C.J. The New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 4, No. 2, Summer 1971, pp. 335-402.
1971 “Le départ du sécrétaire général de l’ONU,” Le Monde Diplomatique (Paris), December 1971, p.5.
1970 The First Fifty Years: The Secretary General in World Politics 1920- 1970. (Leiden: Sijthoff, 1970, 498 pp.)
1969 Review essay on Richard Falk’s Legal Order in a Violent World. Cornell Law Review, Vol. 54, No. 6, July 1969,
Selected Lectures and Presentations on International Arbitration
2004 The Case for Publication of International Commercial Arbitration Awards, presentation to the International Commercial Dispute Resolution Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York. New York.
2004 Chair of the panel on Issues in Integrated Dispute Resolution Systems at the 17th Conference of the International Council for Commercial Arbitration. Beijing.
2004 The Enforcement in the United States of Foreign Judgments, presentation at the Baker & McKenzie North American Litigation Practice Group, Toronto.
2004 Presentation in panel on Parallel proceedings, arbitration and litigation, ABA Section on International Law and Practice, New York.
2004 Chaired Law School Deans/Practitioners Roundtable on Legal education for an international law practice, ABA Section on International Law and Practice, New York.
2004 The Judicialization of the Arbitral Process, address at the Yale Law School, New Haven.
2004 The Conduct of the Hearing in International Commercial Arbitration, City Bar Center for Continuing Legal Education, The Association of the Bar of the City of New York, New York.
2003 The Judicialization of the Arbitral Process, Arbitration Committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, New York.
2003 The Arbitral Panel: Selection, Challenges and Processes for Removal, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
2003 Iran Hostage Claims, Hardball Program with Chris Matthews, New York.
2001 International Law in U.S. Courts, International Law Association, California.
2000 Role of the American Society of International Law, Canadian Council on International Law, Ottawa.
2000 International Law in U.S. Courts, International Law Association, New York.
2000 International Law in U.S. Courts, Tenth Circuit Court of Appeals, Judicial Conference, Santa Fe.
2000 Ethics in International Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1997 The Internet: Avoiding and Dealing with Disputes, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1997 Gulf War Claims, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1997 Enforcement in the United States under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of Judicial Judgments, Arbitration Awards, and Prejudgment Attachments, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1996 Drafting Effective Dispute Resolution Clauses, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1996 Efficient Organization of International Arbitrations, New York.
1995 Litigation Versus Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1995 Drafting Effective Dispute Resolution Clauses, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1995 The Process of International Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Conference on Intellectual Property, Palo Alto; and 41st Institute of the Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation, Sun Valley, Idaho.
1995 Fast-Track Arbitration, Annual Meeting, Baker & McKenzie, Chicago
1995 Gulf War Claims, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York.
1994 Multi-Party Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York
1994 Fast-Track Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Seminars, New York, Hong Kong, Tokyo
1994 U.S. Discovery For Cases in Foreign Tribunals, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York
1994 Litigation versus Arbitration, Tulane Law School.
1993 International Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Seminar, New York
1992 Fast Track Arbitration, Sokol Colloquium, University of Virginia Law School
1991 Iran U.S. Claims Tribunal, Yale Law School
1991 Claims Against Iraq, Baker & McKenzie Symposium, Vienna
1990 International Arbitration, Cornell Law School
1990 Claims Against Iraq, Baker & McKenzie Symposium, New York
1990 The UN Response to Iraq’s Invasion of Kuwait, Chatham House, London.
1989 U.S. Law and International Arbitration, Baker & McKenzie Symposia in Singapore and Paris.
1988 The Process of International Arbitration, Tulane Law School, New Orleans, LA; International Legal Symposium, Budapest, Hungary; New York State Bar Association, New York, N.Y.
1987 Evidence and Standards of Proof in International Arbitration, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, Boston
1987 The Process of International Arbitration, American Corporate Counsel Association, Washington, D.C.
1985 International Arbitration, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, New York
1984 Expropriation of Property and International Law American Arbitration Association, New York
1981-1985 Iran U.S. Claims Tribunal Addresses in Washington, London, Rotterdam, The Hague, New York, Cambridge, Aspen, Chicago
Other Lectures and Presentations
1987 Diplomatic Immunity, Testimony on Proposed Legislation, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, D.C.
1987 Diplomatic Immunity, Testimony on Proposed Legislation, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, D.C.
1987 Diplomatic Immunity, “Crossfire” program Washington, D.C.
1987 Rules of Treaty Interpretation, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Washington, D.C.
1986 International Law Practice, University of Michigan Law School; NYU Law School
1985 U.S. Acceptance of I.C.J. Compulsory Jurisdiction Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law, New York
1985 Human Rights Treaties, American Bar Association Annual Meeting, London
1984 Expropriation of Property and International Law American Arbitration Association, New York
1980 Human Rights, Bonn, The Hague, University of South Carolina
1980 Congressional Executive Relations and U.S. foreign policy, University of Virginia Law School, Cornell Law School, ABA meeting at Portland, Oregon, Vanderbilt Law School, Foreign Service Institute
1979 Human Rights, American Bar Association, Washington, and Johns Hopkins University (SAIS)
1979 China Recognition and Termination of Defense Treaty with Taiwan, New York University Law School
1978 Human Rights, Northwestern Law School
1977 Treaties and Executive Agreements, St. Louis University, Annual Meeting of American Society of International Law, Conference on National Treaty Law and Procedure, Bellagio, University of Virginia Law School, University of South Carolina
1977 Human Rights Treaties, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law; International Commission of Jurists, Ottawa, Canada
1976 Treaties and Executive Agreements, Albany Law School, Christian Science Monitor, National War College, Council on Foreign Relations
1975 Treaties and Executive Agreements, Cornell Law School
1974 Legal Practitioners and Global Law Making, Princeton University
1973 Southern Africa, Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association
1973 Role of the Legal Adviser’s Office, American University
1972 The South West Africa Cases, State University of New York at Purchase
1972 The Secretary General, Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law 1971 South West Africa, New School for Social Research